"Meanderings in Mark"
Series on Mark, Lesson 54

Seven Sayings From The Cross

Read: Mark 15:21-39

Text: (Mark 15:37 KJV) And Jesus cried with a loud voice, and gave up the ghost.

Theme: The teachings of Jesus are summed up in His seven cross sayings.


Introduction:

QUOTE - (C. H. Spurgeon) - "The cross is the last argument of God."

QUESTION - Which of the "cross sayings" of Jesus are found in Mark?

(Mark 15:34 KJV) And at the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani? which is, being interpreted, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?

(Mark 15:37 KJV) And Jesus cried with a loud voice, and gave up the ghost.

QUESTION - What are the seven "cross sayings" of Jesus? (Ask before reading verses below.)

(Luke 23:34 KJV) Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do. And they parted his raiment, and cast lots.

(Luke 23:43 KJV) And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To day shalt thou be with me in paradise.

(John 19:26 KJV) When Jesus therefore saw his mother, and the disciple standing by, whom he loved, he saith unto his mother, Woman, behold thy son! Then saith he to the disciple, Behold thy mother! And from that hour that disciple took her unto his own home.

(Mat 27:46 KJV) And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? that is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?

(John 19:28 KJV) After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, saith, I thirst.

(John 19:30 KJV) When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost.

(Luke 23:46 KJV) And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit: and having said thus, he gave up the ghost.


I. Father, forgive them

(Luke 23:34 KJV) Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do. And they parted his raiment, and cast lots.

QUESTION - In what way does this saying sum up the ministry and teaching of Jesus Christ?

QUESTION - What does this saying teach us about the attributes of God?

A. God is a forgiving God. (It's His nature.)

(Psa 103:2-3 KJV) Bless the LORD, O my soul, and forget not all his benefits: Who forgiveth all thine iniquities; who healeth all thy diseases;

(Psa 130:4 KJV) But there is forgiveness with thee, that thou mayest be feared.

B. God would rather forgive than punish.

ILLUS. David and Bathsheba

(2 Sam 12:13 KJV) And David said unto Nathan, I have sinned against the LORD. And Nathan said unto David, The LORD also hath put away thy sin; thou shalt not die.

ILLUS. Children of Israel

(Psa 78:37-38 KJV) For their heart was not right with him, neither were they stedfast in his covenant. But he, being full of compassion, forgave their iniquity, and destroyed them not: yea, many a time turned he his anger away, and did not stir up all his wrath.

C. What was to forgive?

D. Understand it, Christian - WE ARE FORGIVEN!

II. Thou shalt be with me.

(Luke 23:43 KJV) And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To day shalt thou be with me in paradise.

QUESTION - In what way does this saying sum up the ministry and teaching of Jesus Christ?

QUESTION - What does this saying teach us about the attributes of God?

QUESTION - What does this saying teach us that applies to salvation and soul winning?

A. This illustrates that FORGIVENESS means ACCESS.

B. This illustrates that anybody can be saved.

1. Even a thief.

2. Even you.

3. Even me.

III. Woman, behold thy son.

(John 19:26 KJV) When Jesus therefore saw his mother, and the disciple standing by, whom he loved, he saith unto his mother, Woman, behold thy son! Then saith he to the disciple, Behold thy mother! And from that hour that disciple took her unto his own home.

QUESTION - In what way does this saying sum up the ministry and teaching of Jesus Christ?

QUESTION - What does this saying teach us about family?

QUESTION - What does this saying teach us about personal responsibility?

A. Here was a group that contrasted sharply with the jeering crowd and the callous soldiers.

B. These loved Jesus and wept bitterly now.

1. One was His mother.

2. She now experienced the fulfillment of Simeon's long-ago prophecy.

(Luke 2:35 KJV) (Yea, a sword shall pierce through thy own soul also,) that the thoughts of many hearts may be revealed.

C. Jesus showed His love for Mary by honoring her now.

(Exo 20:12 KJV) Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.

NOTE - As first-born son, it was His responsibility to care for her.

IV. Why hast thou forsaken me?

(Mat 27:46 KJV) And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? that is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? (Also Mark 15:34)

QUESTION - In what way does this saying sum up the ministry and teaching of Jesus Christ?

QUESTION - What does this saying teach us about the attributes of God?

QUESTION - What does this verse teach us about the nature of the suffering Jesus endured on the cross?

QUESTION - What does this verse teach us about the nature of the suffering that awaits the lost in hell?

A. God cannot view sin.

(Hab 1:13 KJV) Thou art of purer eyes than to behold evil, and canst not look on iniquity:

B. At this moment, Jesus WAS sin!

ILLUS. Serpent in the wilderness (READ Num 21:5-9)

(2 Cor 5:21 KJV) For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.

C. Jesus was ALONE, suffering the greatest suffering of all - separation from God.

D. This will be the worst thing about hell.

V. I thirst.

(John 19:28 KJV) After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, saith, I thirst.

QUESTION - In what way does this saying sum up the ministry and teaching of Jesus Christ?

QUESTION - What does this saying teach us about the humanity of Jesus Christ?

A. Jesus was a man, just like you and me.

B. There was no diminishment in His suffering because He was God!

1. Same pain you would feel, He felt.

2. Same frailties you have, He had (yet without sin).

C. Because of this, we know that He knows what we go through.

(Heb 4:15 KJV) For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin.

VI. It is finished.

(John 19:30 KJV) When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost.

QUESTION - In what way does this saying sum up the ministry and teaching of Jesus Christ?

QUESTION - What does this saying teach us about the attributes of God?

QUESTION - What does this saying teach us about the nature of our salvation?

QUESTION - Does this verse apply to those who say you can lose salvation once you've received it?

A. Victory over the devil had been achieved.

(Gen 3:15 KJV) And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.

B. God's love for you and I had been demonstrated.

(Rom 5:8 KJV) But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.

C. The penalty for sin had been paid.

(Isa 53:11 KJV) He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities.

D. Some thoughts on this word TETELESTHAI:

1. Word is found on sales receipts - literally "Paid In Full"

2. Tense indicates "It is finished once and for all, for all time!"

3. Jesus said, "It" is finished, NOT "I" am finished.

I.e. Jesus' work continues, but the work of redemption was done.

4. The rent veil in the temple is an illustration.

VII. Into Thy hands I commend my spirit.

(Luke 23:46 KJV) And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit: and having said thus, he gave up the ghost. (also Mark 15:37)

QUESTION - In what way does this saying sum up the ministry and teaching of Jesus Christ?

QUESTION - What does this saying teach us about the death of Christ?

A. Who killed Jesus?

1. Are the Jews guilty? Yes.

2. Are the Gentiles guilty? Yes.

B. ALL were responsible for Jesus' choosing to die, but it is crucial to realize that NOBODY KILLED HIM, He GAVE His life.

"He gave up the ghost" lit. means "He voluntarily laid down His life."

(John 10:11 KJV) I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep.

(John 10:15 KJV) As the Father knoweth me, even so know I the Father: and I lay down my life for the sheep.

(John 10:17 KJV) Therefore doth my Father love me, because I lay down my life, that I might take it again.

(John 10:18 KJV) No man taketh it from me, but I lay it down of myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This commandment have I received of my Father.


Conclusion:

(Luke 23:34 KJV) Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do.

(Luke 23:43 KJV) And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To day shalt thou be with me in paradise.

(John 19:26 KJV) When Jesus therefore saw his mother, and the disciple standing by, whom he loved, he saith unto his mother, Woman, behold thy son! Then saith he to the disciple, Behold thy mother! And from that hour that disciple took her unto his own home.

(Mat 27:46 KJV) And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? that is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?

(John 19:28 KJV) After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, saith, I thirst.

(John 19:30 KJV) When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost.

(Luke 23:46 KJV) And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit: and having said thus, he gave up the ghost.

 

QUOTE - (C. H. Spurgeon) - "The cross is the last argument of God."

 

The shame He suffered left its brand
In gaping wound in either hand;
Sin's penalty He deigned to meet
Has torn and scarred His blessed feet;
The condemnation by Him borne
Marred His brow with print of thorn.
Trespass and guilt for which He died
Have marked Him with a riven side.

Mine was the shame, the penalty;
The sin was mine; it was for me
He felt the nails, the thorns, the spear.
For love me the scars appear
In hands and feet and side and brow.
Beholding them I can but bow
Myself a living sacrifice
To Him who paid so dear a price.
--- Bob Jones, Jr.


Please direct questions, comments, and submissions to William E. Johnson
Copyright © 1998 William E. Johnson.